Arizona Pioneer & Cemetery Research Project

Internet Publication

Version 071311




A.K.A. Camp Toll Gate – Camp Hualapai – Juniper Cemetery

N34 55 47.5, W112 50 25.5 (NAD27)



N34 55 16.25, W112 50 47.49 (NAD83)


Arrows indicate the Walnut Creek Cemetery (Upper), Unnamed Graves (Six) (Lower)




Map of the Walnut Creek Cemetery courtesy Jim & Barbara Marcel


Arguably the name of this cemetery has changed with the tide of military and civilian activity in the immediate area. Today with little attention being paid to either of these cemeteries only locals and cemetery preservation historians take an interest in maintaining either of these sites. History indicates Indians then military camps were the first to occupy this area followed by civilians. It has been questioned if the Walnut Creek Cemetery was a military cemetery? Civilian headstones place their burials spanning between 1881 and 1897.


Camp Hualapai was an U.S. Army installation between 1869-1873; Camp Toll Gate preceded the name change by one year. The Army camp numbered approximately 250 soldiers during peak occupation. In the five years of Army Camps, were any of these unmarked graves soldiers? Research at this point has not been able to determine any Soldiers or Indian graves.


Three names have been documented with headstones, W.T. Shook, Ed S. Scholey, Roland Scholey, and Marilla Jane Rogers. Based on placement of rocks outlining unmarked graves there is potentially four or five more graves without headstones. Possible burials in unmarked graves are Ida Goodman, Robert Jefferson Young. One person has been documented that their ashes were scattered at this cemetery.


A fence currently encloses this cemetery which is on private property. If the perimeter of this fence was the original fence enclosure, based on the .26 acres there is room for up to 211 interments in this cemetery less the nine visible graves there is still room of 202 interments. Are there unmarked graves yet to be indentified whether Military or civilian? It is very likely based on APCRP research experience with other Historic Pioneer Cemeteries in Arizona.


A complete research of historic Death Certificates has been finalized with no additional names listed as buried here. It is also possible this was the plotted size of the cemetery and here are no other graves here, we will try to determine the historical facts.


Edward S. (Ed) SCHOLEY
Walnut Creek Cemetery
Yavapai County, Arizona

b. 1851, Il.
d. 1881, A.T.
h/o Mary (Todd) Scholey


Walnut Creek Cemetery
Yavapai County, Arizona

b. 1878, A.T.
d. 1881, A.T.
s/o Edward S. & Mary (Todd) Scholey


Urban Legend has it; they are buried in the same grave.

Others state: “Ed and infant son Roland are buried at Walnut Creek cemetery”. TBD.


Marilla Jane Rogers
Born: Vanderberg County, Indiana 05 Mar 1824 Died: Walnut Creek, Yavapai, Arizona Territory 06 Mar 1897
Buried: Walnut Creek cemetery. Plot: Marker: yes
Spouse: S. C. Rogers
OBIT-- Weekly Journal Miner 10 Mar 1897 page 2:  To Arizona Territory in 1867 with her husband.


All photographs above courtesy Jim and Barbara Marcel.





The road west of Camp Walapai/Camp Tollgate/Camp Hualapai/Juniper/Walnut Creek, that has been referred to by historians as AZTEC PASS was so named by Lieutenant Whipple exploring a railroad route in 1863, “so called on account of extensive ruins of houses and fortification that lined the banks. Wide Indian trails and ruins of extensive fortifications constructed centuries since upon the height to defend it show that not only present tribes but ancient races had deemed Aztec Pass of great importance.” This is approximately 12 miles along the road between O RO Ranch and the Camps/Walnut Creek. This mountain range was originally named the Aztec Mountains, later changed to Juniper Mountains. This pass was part of the 165 mile Hardyville Toll Road from Fort Mohave (near Hardyville today Bull Head City) to Fort Whipple (near Prescott).


The toll was 1 1/2 cents per mile for a wagon and two horses which equaled $2.48 if you traveled the total distance. That is equal to $250.00 in today’s money to travel 165 miles plus it could take up to 20 to 30 hours depending on road conditions and other things that could slow down travel time. 2 or 3 hard days to travel that distance.


In 1864 the toll was;

Each wagon and two horses                                            1 ½ cents per mile

Each additional animal                                                     ¾ cent per mile

One horse and vehicle                                                     ¾ cents per mile

Pack animal                                                                      ½ cents per mile

Horned cattle, horses and mules and others in droves  ½ cent per mile

Sheep, goats or hogs                                                        ½ cent per mile


As mapped currently the actual geographic Aztec Pass is eight miles east of current day Walnut Creek, is located at N34º58'30", W112º38'03" on Topographical maps and Google Earth. There is evidence the “Road To Prescott” traveled 3 ¼ miles east of Walnut Creek, crossed ESE across the creek and headed toward Prescott.


The pass for which local residents have referred based on Whipple’s identification, gains approximately 1,000’ at the point of N34 56 12.10, W112 58 11.45 between the O RO Ranch and Walnut Creek.








N34 55 16.25, W112 50 47.49 (NAD83)


Of the six graves in this separate location to the southwest of the Walnut Creek Cemetery, there is reason to believe there are five children’s graves and one adult grave. Research continues to try and identify the individuals interred in this second location. We will try to determine if this is a family traveling through or ranch grave site.


All research and Photographs above courtesy Todd Zuercher


Courtesy Shelley Rasmussen and Bonnie Helten

1 Meter equals 3.28 Feet


Miscellaneous Information:


January 28, 1906
TWO HUMAN SKELETONS FOUND AT WALNUT CREEK – Word reached this city last night that the Ainsworth boys discovered two human skeletons buried about 100 yards distant from their residence in the Walnut Creek section. The grave in which the discovery was made was only about 18 inches in depth, and their attention was first attracted to the gruesome discovery by squirrels which had burrowed into it and carried a small piece of the bones to the surface.


Courtesy Todd Zuercher


Courtesy Bonnie Helten


Map courtesy Bonnie Helten


Arizona Pioneer & Cemetery Research Project

Internet Publication

Version 071311


WebMaster: Neal Du Shane


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